SAP Cloud Platform Open Connectors

Connector Builder: Setup Hooks

1
Info




2
Properties




3
Authentication




4
Config & Parameters




5
Hooks




6
Events




7
Resources


Hooks enable you to execute custom JavaScript before an API request (pre-request hook) and after the API provider sends a response (post-response hook). You can use two types of hooks when you create a connector: global hooks and resource hooks. Global hooks happen on every request or response, while resource hooks happen only on requests to and responses from specific endpoints.

Use hooks to manipulate any part of a request or response or to operate on a configuration. You might need a hook due to the authentication expected by the endpoint. You might need to send a value to an endpoint, but it requires a different data type than what SAP Cloud Platform Open Connectors supports. You might also need to manipulate headers to extract an ID to include in a response. See Examples for more use cases.

Definitions

global hook
A hook that applies to all requests or responses configured for a connector.
resource hook
A hook that applies to requests or responses configured for a specific endpoint.
pre-request hook
A script that executes prior to sending API requests. For example, use a pre-request hook to manipulate or add query parameters, headers, the path, the body, or any connector configuration.
post-response hook
A script that executes after recieving a response from an API provider. For example, use a post-response hook to manipulate response headers, the body, or any connector configuration based on the response.

Add Hooks

You can create pre-request and post-response hooks as part of the whole connector configuration, in events, and for individual resources.

  • To add global hooks: on the Setup page open the Hooks section, click the Add hook button for the type of hook, and then write the script.
  • To add resource hooks: add or edit a resource. In the Hooks section of the endpoint, click the Add hook button for the type of hook, and then write the script.
  • To add event hooks: configure events, click Add an event hook, and then write the script.

JavaScript for Hooks

Use JavaScript to write your global or resource hooks. The function signature for all JS when building connectors looks like:

/**
* @param  {Object}   request_body                        The incoming request HTTP body
* @param  {Object}   request_body_map                    The incoming request HTTP body, converted to a MAP for easy script access
* @param  {Object}   request_headers                     The incoming request headers for this API call
* @param  {Object}   request_path                        The incoming request path for this API call
* @param  {Object}   request_parameters                  The incoming query parameters for this API request
* @param  {Object}   request_vendor_parameters           The incoming vendor query parameters for this API request
* @param  {Object}   request_method                      The request HTTP method
* @param  {Object}   request_vendor_method               The request vendor HTTP method
* @param  {Object}   request_vendor_path                 The request path
* @param  {Object}   request_vendor_headers              The request vendor HTTP headers
* @param  {Object}   request_vendor_body                 The request vendor HTTP body
* @param  {Object}   request_vendor_body_map             The request vendor HTTP body, converted to a MAP for easy script access
* @param  {Object}   request_vendor_url                  The request vendor URL
* @param  {Object}   request_expression                  The OCNQL where parameter of the resource, converted to List of Map containing "value, operator, attribute\" to construct the search operation the endpoint needs
* @param  {Object}  request_previous_response            If the endpoint is part of a response chain, a previous request response value. This value can be used to construct the final response from chained API calls.
* @param  {Object}  request_previous_response_headers    If the endpoint is part of a response chain, a previous request response header. This value can be used to construct the final response from chained API calls.
* @param  {Object}   meta_data                           Metadata about the object
* @param  {Object}   configuration                       The Connector's configuration object
* @param  {Object}   vendor_object_name                  This will be the same as object_name unless a vendor object name has been set on the object already. Represented as a string
* @param  {Function} metadata_merge                      Applicable for the endpoint /objects/{objectName}/metadata. If set to true when vendors support metadata and post hook returns CE format of vendor metadata, it merges the vendor’s metadata with CE model metadata.
* @param  {Function} done                                The callback function that you will need to call at the end of your JS
*/
function(request_body, request_body_map, request_headers, request_path, request_parameters, request_vendor_parameters, request_method, request_vendor_method, request_vendor_path, request_vendor_headers, request_vendor_body, request_vendor_body_map, request_vendor_url, request_expression, request_previous_response, request_previous_response_headers, meta_data, configuration, metadata_merge, done) {
// your JavaScript goes here
}

Note the following when writing Javascript in formulas:

  • For all scripts, JavaScript strict mode is enforced.
  • You can use console.log to log data to the JavaScript console to help debug your formula.
  • You can use notify.email to send an email notification.
  • ES6 is supported; see Mozilla's documentation for additional information.
  • The function parameters are immutable, meaning they cannot be assigned to directly. To change an object or value passed into the function, first copy it to your own local variable and then make the necessary changes.
  • Body variables (request_body) are applicable only to methods that pass a JSON body like POST, PATCH, and PUT. Body variables are undefined/null if there is no JSON body sent.

Note: when adding a \n (new line) character to a string, the Javascript editor in Connector Builder will parse the character and add a new line. In order to add a new line character, you must escape the \n by adding an additional slash. For example, the \n character would be entered as \\n

The done Function

The done function is a callback function that should be called to end the function. It can pass a continue object, indicating that the API request should continue to be processed and any new objects that should overwrite the existing incoming objects to this function. An example might be:

done({
    "continue": true,
    "request_vendor_parameters": new_request_vendor_parameters
});

Send false as the continue value in a pre-hook, to stop the execution at this point and returns the response.

In the above example, the request_vendor_parameters that are returned will overwrite the request vendor parameters that need to be sent to the endpoint.

Libraries

  • CE: Our custom library that provides some common functionality. You do not need to require this library because it is available by default.
    • CE.randomString(): Generate a random string (approx. 10 characters long).
    • CE.randomEmail(): Generate a random email address.
    • CE.md5(str): Create an MD5 hash from a string value. Takes a string as a parameter. Returns a string.
    • CE.b64(str): Encode a string in base64. Takes a string as a parameter. Returns a string.
    • CE.decode64(str): Decode a string from base64, using UTF-8 encoding. Takes a string as a parameter. Returns a string.
    • CE.hmac(algo)(enc)(secret, str): HMAC hash a string (str) using the provided secret (secret), algorithm (algo), and encoding (enc). See https://nodejs.org/api/crypto.html#crypto_class_hmac for more information about the algorithm and encoding parameters.
    • CE.hmac[algo][enc](secret, str): This is a set of convenience functions that allow HMAC hashing using some common algorithms and encodings. For example, CE.hmacSha1Hex(secret, str) will create an HMAC SHA1 hash of the provided string, using the provided secret, and return a hex string. You can replace algo and enc with the following values: algo: Sha1, Sha256, Md5 enc: Hex, base64
  • Lodash: The popular lodash library. To use this library, simply require it in your script. It is possible to use the library modules, as well, such as lodash/fp.
  • Util: The standard Node util library. To use, require it in your script.

Examples

This section presents some possible use cases for hooks. Because you can write JavaScript, the possibilities available are limited only to your needs and imagination.

Global Pre-Request Hook for All Delete Methods

The hook below applies to all delete method requests. If the request is delete, then override or create object with that key.

if(request_vendor_method === 'DELETE') {
    request_vendor_headers["Content-Type"] = "*/*";
    done( {
        "request_vendor_headers": request_vendor_headers
    } );
}

Pre-Request Hook Using Connector Configuration

This hook is an example of reading a value from the configuration of your connector, then manipulating the data that has been posted to an endpoint.

var body = JSON.parse(request_vendor_body);
var contactEmailUpsert = configuration["contact.emailupsert"];
if(contactEmailUpsert === false) {
    done();
}
//Updating the body field contact object with upsert=true
body["contact"] = {
    "upsert": true
};

//Converting the object to string and returning
done( {
    "request_vendor_body": JSON.stringify(body),
    "continue": true
} );

Post-Response Hook Reading Response Headers

This hook is an example of reading the response headers to retrieve a value, then extracting that value as an ID and sending it as a response.

The script only executes if the response behaves as expected.

if(response_headers === null
    || !(response_status_code === 201
        || response_status_code === 200)) {
    done();
}

//Get the location string from headers
var location = response_headers["location"];
if(location === null) {
    done();
}
//Extract just the id part from the location string
location = location.replace("https://someurl/v1/contacts/","")
location = location.replace(".json","");

//Construct the response body
var response = {
    "id": location
};

//return the response body
done( {
    "response_body": response
} );

Reading Event Webhooks

This hook is an example of reading the event webhook types and formatting them into what SAP Cloud Platform Open Connectors expects.

var formattedEvents = getArray();
var eventObj = {};
eventObj.event_date = events["modifiedAt"];
eventObj.event_object_id = events["id"];

var webhook_types = events.eventHeaders["x-event"];

if(webhook_types === 'convo.created') {
    eventObj.event_type = 'CREATED';
    eventObj.event_object_type = 'incidents';
} else if(webhook_types === 'convo.updated') {
    eventObj.event_type = 'UPDATED';
    eventObj.event_object_type = 'incidents';
} else if(webhook_types === "convo.deleted"){
    eventObj.event_type = 'DELETED';
    eventObj.event_object_type = 'incidents';
} else if(webhook_types === 'customer.created'){
    eventObj.event_type = 'CREATED';
    eventObj.event_object_type = 'users';
} else if(webhook_types === 'customer.updated'){
    eventObj.event_type = 'UPDATED';
    eventObj.event_object_type = 'users';
}

formattedEvents.add(eventObj);
done( {
    "events" : formattedEvents
} );
Note: When the value is not a valid EventType, the eventObj.event_type field is set by default to UNKNOWN.

Removing Headers

By default, we send Accept: "application/json" and Content-Type: "application/json" in the headers. If the service provider cannot handle Accept or Content-Type headers, you can remove them from the request.

In this example, we remove the Content-Type header.

let headers = {
     "Content-Type": null
};

done({
     "request_vendor_headers": headers
...
)};

HTTP and HTTPS Library Examples

Use the HTTP and HTTPs libraries to make requests from a hook to any HTTP or HTTPS endpoint.

const https = require('https');
//Get SFDC connector from CE and return the results
https.get('https://api.openconnectors.us2.ext.hana.ondemand.com/elements/api-v2/elements/sfdc', (res) => {
  console.log('after response');
    let rawData = '';
    res.on('data', (chunk) => rawData += chunk);
    res.on('end', () => {
      try {
        let parsedData = JSON.parse(rawData);
        done({ "response_body": parsedData });
      } catch (e) {
        console.log(e.message);
        done({ "response_error": e.message});
      }
    });
});

Example using http:

const http = require('http');

//Call Swagger petstore
let options = {
  hostname: 'petstore.swagger.io',
  path: '/v2/store/inventory',
  headers: {
    'Accept': 'application/json'
  }
};

const apiCall = http.request(options);
apiCall.on('response', res => {
     console.log('after response');
     let rawData = '';
     res.on('data', (chunk) => rawData += chunk);
     res.on('end', () => {
       try {
         let parsedData = JSON.parse(rawData);
         console.log('Parsed response');
         done({ "response_body": parsedData });
       } catch (e) {
         done({ "response_error": e.message});
       }
     });
 });

apiCall.on('error', err => {
  done({ "response_error": err.message});
});

apiCall.end();